Saturday, March 29, 2008

Energy is Magnetic - Believe it and do Creative Visualization regularly

“Energy is Magnetic” at first sounds to be some physics topic dealing with electromagnetic waves or something else, right! But there is also another way of understanding it. Creative Visualization makes you to concentrate on those latent energy levels within you with which, when put in proper use, you can attract the things of similar energies from the physical plane (physical world) to achieve your goals; let them be materialistic or physical or spiritual. But there is a little longer way to go, to understand this “Energy is Magnetic” principle.

Belief is the prerequisite for achieving anything in this world. So no technique works if we don’t believe in the things we are doing or following. This fact is almost universally acceptable as some medical research has also shown that without belief even the correct medicine will not cure the illness. And the vice versa is also true to some extent that with belief, even some normal medicine would do wonders in curing the illness. It all depends on the mindset of the person.

When it comes to ‘Belief’, a man or woman has to believe in his/her self first. If you don’t believe in yourself, why and how shall anyone else in this world believe in you? Remember the good caption from the Spiderman-3 movie, “The Great Battle lies within”. This means that we must start winning with our own self first, and then we can compare us with others. In other words, ‘fight your own war’ is more appropriate.

Having said all the above, let us know focus on how can we understand that Energy is magnetic. First of all let us now have a little bit of physics in our consideration. In this universe, there are a lot of energetic cosmic waves flowing around – in and out of our solar system. We do have theories on the propagation of these waves and we all accept that all these waves have some amount of energy associated with them, and they do cause the electro magnetic effects in the medium they pass through.

Now let us see this world. What is it composed of? We all know that it is composed of matter. And any primary school kid can further explain that matter exists in three forms or phases – solids, liquids and gases, and other than these three, a vacuum can only exist.
We know that all the living creatures in this world, natural resources, rocks, mountains, biosphere, troposphere, ecological systems fall under any of these three categories of matter, or, are the combinations of these three forms of matter.

Remembering the famous equation of the great scientist Einstein, E = m.c^2, there is a correlation between the mass and velocity in terms of Energy. Let us neither discuss about the applications of this equation nor the assumptions and any background science necessary to understand it, but let us just understand that the ‘Energy’ change will occur more if there is an increment in Velocity (c – here) rather than the increment in Mass (m – here).

Now let us understand this world and the things exist and move around this world.
We have huge mountains, rivers, trees, various animals including humans, birds, fish, bacteria, viruses with hugely diverse shapes and sizes, with or without different speeds of movement and metabolism.

Mountain has a large mass associated with it, but its speed or movement is negligible unless some tectonic plates move deep inside the earth. From on the top of mountains, we have water falls and thereafter flowing rivers. Water of one liter weighs simply a kilogram and nothing more. But the same water due to its movement can cut the mountains over a course of time. This happens due to the velocity the water possesses or acquires during its flow in the water falls or in the rivers.

We have the various animals, birds, other living organisms which are swifter than mountains and water. So they have higher energy levels with respect to their speed compared to these bulky mountains or water. Again, in this case the mass is irrelevant.

The man is mightier of all these and today he controls everything in this world. Man invented machines that can crush the mountains, constructed dams that can hold the flowing water, and has also invented atom bomb and hydrogen bomb, that can destroy the world in no time. How were all these possible?

This is all possible not by the mass of the human body, but by something else. What is that ‘Something’? That something is ‘Thinking’. Applying thoughts by proper thinking. Doing things by constant thinking, and learning from doing the things. And the first thing associated with all this is simply a Thought.

What is a thought? Perhaps we may not make an equation to explain it or to understand it in terms of Physics and Chemistry. But we all experience it and know it since we are born in this world, since the day we became conscious of this world. It is also said that the human being is the only animal who is capable of advanced thinking compared to all the other animals which only think to find their food or do other natural bodily activities and have a temporary memory.

Where does this Thought arise from? It comes from the human brain, of course. And again the human brain is an organ with some matter. Then like milk, eggs and meat which come from an animal, can the thought be associated with some mass that is coming out of a human brain which is undoubtedly a mass?

Probably, the answer is ‘YES’. Because if we assume as far as today’s human knowledge is concerned, we can argue that if there is no mass existing, there must be some vacuum – which means nothing. We all know that Thought can’t be ‘nothing’. It is ‘something’ which we probably can’t exactly define today.

And we know the speed of the same ‘Thought’. If you think, you are on the Moon, you are there instantly! So is there anything faster than a thought? “NO”. So the thought is the fastest thing in this world. Even faster than the light in that way because, if we think we are reaching a particular star, we are already reaching it and probably light may need some years to reach there, otherwise why we use the term ‘Light year’. It is the distance, as we know, the light needs to travel to reach some astronomical body.

If we substitute some ‘infinity’ as the speed of thought in our equation seen above, then what is the Energy associated with it. Amazing, the Energy is also Infinite. So if we want to have energy to do something, then what is it we require the most. It is the thought. So we have found the solution for all our problems.

And so far we have gained the knowledge about the thought. but we need ‘Wisdom’ and this is needed not to make bad thoughts which result in bad actions and which finally does bad to this world.

Even without our knowledge we are always doing some thoughts and we are doing some actions following it. We are getting results – good or bad – depending on our thoughts. So our thoughts are influencing us. This is agreed.

Then how ‘Energy is magnetic’ and why we discussed now about the ‘Thoughts’. It is because we want some energy to do some actions to reach our goals, and to get this ‘motivational energy’ we need some thoughts.

Creative visualization is this thinking process, for making ‘good thoughts’ to improve ourselves and also to some extent to improve this world. What do we do in Creative visualization?
Creative visualization is a fine process of visualizing good things what you want in your life, and to keep thinking about these clearly defined things, which influences our subconscious mind to such a considerable level that we knowingly or unknowingly start doing things to reach our objective.

For example, let us consider an example. You want to go for a picnic. This is the first thought in your mind. If it is only for a millisecond, it may end up without an action. But you are repeatedly thinking due to some reason about going to a picnic. Then you start thinking to plan in your mind, as what is to be done to go for a picnic. Then you also start thinking about the place where you want to go. Then you will also think about the way to go there. You take your car, or you take a bike or you take a bus or you take a train. Then you decide on something, let us assume, that you want to use your car. Then you plan to take some food with you or you may also think to buy whenever you want in the picnic spot itself. Then you do as you have planned and you come back in the evening after enjoying your picnic, probably if you had your friends with you.
All the above actions don’t need your creative visualization. But unknowingly you have done some visualization in the conscious state itself, as this is an activity that doesn’t need lot of thinking.

But your personal life goals, your career growth, certainly need higher level of thinking. You need motivation at times to achieve your goals or dreams. So you need to think not normally but deeply.

When can you do this? You can do this when you are relaxed. When your eyes are closed, and when you are deeply concentrating on your goals and your mind is in a meditative state, i.e., in the ‘Sub-conscious’ state. This is this state of our mind, which is more important for our goals. In this state you are not simply dreaming but you are controlling what you are dreaming of.

At this stage, whatever you think about yourself for the Good, will prompt you to take such an action and this will make you successful, as the things of similar energy will attract towards you in the physical plane, as your energy level is shifted to some frequency by some constant thinking.

Tuesday, March 25, 2008

CutePDF Writer is the best and free software to convert any file into a PDF

CutePDF Writer is best and free software available on the internet as on now, which helps in taking printout of any document in PDF format and to be stored for future use. PDF form of documents are needed when you would like to sending some document to someone which they shall not modify.

This is particularly necessary, if an employee of a company is sending some Tender documents or Contract documents to some other company.

In general we use printers for printing purpose and save our data in the form of documents. Mainly we use documents for portability in the same way CutePDF Writer acts as a virtual printer and save our documents in the PDF form.

The main advantage of PDF (Portable Document Format) is the 'content security' as there is no chance of editing or changing the data once saved. When working or surfing on internet for quick printout we can use this software and save the required pages.

The work done by this software is same as the printer. One main advantage is we can save any number of pages in PDF form. This software can work in all versions of windows.

CutePDF requires CutePDF converter for conversion this is free for download. For Professional version, Information and guidance you can visit the following website for this software. http://www.cutepdf.com/Support

(OR)

You get complete software by using the following link.

http://w13.easy-share.com/1699801304.html

This is very useful and helpful software. Downloading this software is easy and takes few minutes ….. so enjoy.

Saturday, March 22, 2008

MONITORS

Monitor is also called as ‘VDU’ Visual Display Unit. Monitors & TV set’s use ‘CRT’ Cathode Ray Tube technology initially. In the present environment a newly developed technology has changed the entire VDU’s drastically referred as ‘TFT’ Thin-Film Transistor known as LCD. In today’s world the monitor is not “Just a Display”, by HD (High Definition) a high quality video content is available today. With the High quality rendering Video and High end Graphics and Games there is an improvisation in display.

Older: In previous technology CRT is used in display stands for picture tube. In CRT there is a glass envelop consists an electron gun and a phosphor-coated screen. When a computer sends display signals to a monitor these (signals) are converted in to electrons, beamed on to the phosphor-coated screen by electron gun creating an image on the screen.

Newer: In present technology TFT technology is used in LCD displays. The main advantage of TFT is the presence of the tiny transistors that make each pixel on the screen. The power consumption is low due to the transistors being diminutive in nature. LCD is also referred as Flat screen or TFT which consists of a liquid-crystal material which is sandwiched between two sheets of glass. When the current passes the molecules inside change their alignment causes light emission on some portions and blocked on some other finally creates an image.

HD (High Definition): HD refers to a video system or stream of higher definition than the standard (SD).The resolution of a HD TV or Monitor is 1080 or 720 horizontal lines, whereas the resolution a digital television (DTV) is 486 lines.

Advantage of TFT (LCD) over CRT: TFT’s are light weight, occupies less space, radiation emission and so on. Native Resolution is present in LCD and it is absent in CRT.

Disadvantage: Response time taken is large which causes blurriness while watching action packed scenes. Viewing angle shows the difference in watching CRT & LCD.

Different aspects between CRT & LCD

Screen Size: The screen size of CRT monitor is measured diagonally across opposite corners of the screen in inches. In CRT monitor the display area is smaller because it includes screen frame where as in LCD it is measured excluding the borders.

Aspect ratio: The Aspect ratio is nothing but the ratio of width to height. In CRT & in normal TV sets it is 4:3 , where as in LCD and present technology used in TV’s there are two types of display namely Conventional & Wide screen. The present aspect ratios are 4:3 & 16:10 (used in HDTV).

Due to this Aspect ratio we may sometimes see the Black Bands at the top and Bottom.

Resolution: Resolution is the number of pixels gets active during display in the monitor. The higher the resolution gets better picture clarity. It is measured as Width * Height.

Thursday, March 13, 2008

First job versus Higher Studies - Things to know before decision making

Sometimes our life plays with us putting us in Cross roads where we have different paths to choose. And we need to really have some idea about each of the roads otherwise we may simply go in some road only to find out later that we are at a ‘Point of no return’. These cross roads are our different goals in life and each has its own advantages and disadvantages, but at some point of time, we must chose only one road or one goal leaving the others. This is when the trouble starts.

For a student who has completed his basic graduation and has not achieved better academic results, the situation to choose between a small Job to start his/her professional career and to go for Higher studies, is like putting him/her at the Cross roads with the puzzle unsolved. This article only helps you to understand a little better about the practical situations of life which helps you in proper decision making.

Things to Know before this Decision making:

1. As soon as we finish our studies, we will be very eager to get a job and enter into the professional life. There is nothing wrong in that. But if we don’t get into the job we love to do, then there will not be involvement in the job in the long run and we can’t really enjoy working. In the beginning, with the joy of getting the first job, everything seems to be wonderful but slowly the truth comes out.

This is an important point to remember in life, also as per “The Monk who sold his Ferrari” book by Robin Sharma.

2. Sometimes we may need to wait for some other good opportunity to get the right job. Waiting is always terrible, but sometimes it is important to be patient and finally do something which we like and where we can involve ourselves deeply. This produces great results. Again a point learned from “The Monk who sold his Ferrari”.

3. There are two ways to get to your desired position in your profession. Particularly if your academic results are not permitting you to get what you want in the initial stages of your career or at the beginning of your career, then:

· The first option is to join in a company in some ‘not-so-great’ position and then try to put your 100% effort and rise in steps to reach your dream position. This really needs a lot of patience, perseverance and hard work. This option also puts you under pressure as there will be some of your friends or juniors who might have chosen the other option and may go forward a little faster than you. But this way of hard-working in the Profession also builds your strong resolve by giving you some life experiences. Based on the company you are working in, the growth will vary, and probably you may grow faster too. But in India, we can’t expect that all the companies are really professional, as they initially appear to be, for a new comer.

· Alternatively, you have the second optionthe Higher studies like M.Tech from reputed universities like IITs, NITs, where if you put again 100% of your effort, you will skip all the low level jobs and can join at a higher level, directly into your dream position. The growth will be initially slow because you are already at a higher position. This option may not present good life experiences at the beginning, but it gives you command over what you are doing and you can always have a chance to lead the people. If you are not egoistic, you can easily get to know about all the experiences of the lower level jobs by interacting with the people working in those positions.

4. There are both some advantages and disadvantages with both big and small companies. In Small companies, you will not get a good salary but with your good attitude you may approach anyone and can make a good relation with your colleagues and even with all your big bosses, you can learn many things even if they are not relating to your discipline. In Big companies, the salary will be attractive, but you rarely meet your big bosses, there will be too many colleagues and the scope for learning beyond your discipline will be limited. And when it comes to recognition, your job in a small company initially may not create a value for your resume whereas a job in a big company will do so. But what are more important to us, in whatever kind of company we join, are the ‘Knowledge we gain’ and ‘the way we mould our career’ utilizing the opportunities that come to us.

5. Wherever we go we see and find the different kinds of people – good, bad, jealous, cooperative, etc. Life teaches us the lessons through our experiences, but our good attitude will pay off properly at times, so it is really more important to have a strong good character, and you shall keep charging yourself with positive ideas, reading inspirational books, interacting with your near and dear, taking the valuable suggestions of your well-wishers.

6. Professional life is not as easy as the Student life. The Student only worries about marks, grades, job opportunities. There are parents to take care of the students for personal needs, and there are lecturers and the institute, who take care of education, but in the Profession there are many factors involved, and the person is more responsible in terms of delivering the output producing satisfactory results, dealing with superiors and with sub-ordinates. A Student only receives, but the Professional always delivers. A Student is accountable only for his results. A Professional is accountable also on behalf of his sub-ordinates. So a Professional must have good determination, communication skills and team building skills in high amounts than those required by a Student. And every Student will become a Professional someday to face all these challenges. So be prepared for it – to change yourself from a Student into a Professional.

If you are really good at Time-management, and if your Profession permits you to have a fixed working hours schedule, you may also think first to join a company and start working and simultaneously prepare for some higher studies so that when you achieve a great result, you can quit your job in between and can continue your higher studies full time. This way, your first job also provides some value to you in understanding things while you do some specific projects in your higher studies, which again will help you in your further professional life.

Remember these points, and prepare yourself thinking in the positive way discovering your own strengths besides knowing your personal goals. “The Monk who sold his Ferrari” book really helps you in sorting out what is important to you. Once you know what exactly do you want, then your goals are half achieved. And don’t take any decision which puts you on the other road far from reaching your goal. For this reason, you may even lose opportunities at the beginning, but do only what you want to do.

Wednesday, March 12, 2008

RAM

Introduction: We all know RAM places a major role in increasing the speed of processing.

RAM is referred as Random Access Memory. It stores data temporarily; it is a volatile memory that erases all the data contained when the computer is switched off. When system is on the major files i.e system files are stored in the ram for quick processing when needed. The background programs like antivirus and many other are stored in RAM for quick processing. This makes the processing slower for other applications as huge amount of memory is allocated for such programs. So by inserting the RAM in DIMM modules we can extend our primary memory. It depend upon number of DIMM modules.

In Ram the data is randomly stored that why it is called RAM, as the data is accessed by the processor randomly.

Ram is different from ROM as ROM is read only Memory. There are mainly two types of RAM

· Static RAM (SRAM)

· Dynamic RAM (DRAM)

Static RAM is used mainly where high speed memory is needed as they are faster.

Ex:- L2 cache memory of CPU.

The cost of SRAM is more when compared to DRAM.

Dynamic RAM is most commonly used memory in the computer as it is slower than SRAM and less in cost.

Working:

RAM stores data for shorter period of time and discards it once it is not required by the processor or when the computer is switched off. It cannot store permanently so we require hard drives to store our data permanently.

Among the static and Dynamic RAM DRAM is the most commonly used. Its sub types are as follows…..

SDRAM- Synchronized Dynamic RAM, here the speed of RAM is synchronized with the CPU clock pulse. This helps in pipelining the read and write requests which enables SDRAM to accept certain commands when processing other.

DDR- DDR stands for Double Data Rate RAM which is an enhanced version of SDRAM, as the name suggests this memory doubles the bandwidth of the SDRAM.

DDR2- It is the second generation of DDR which uses low voltages and have prominent performance. It works on the principle of Differential Signaling.

DDR3- DDR3 is the third generation and improvised version of DDR2, due to the factors like Increased clock speed and higher bandwidth, low voltages and power consumption.

DDR2 are most popularly used in these days due to speeds from 533 – 800 MHZ.

PORTS ON MOTHERBOARD

PORTS –

IEEE – 1394 : This port is called Fire Wire first developed by APPLE, it is a high speed bus system and is used to connect multimedia and storage peripherals .

USB: Universal Serial Bus is the interface and standard for the present devices like Digital cameras, Flash Drives and many other.

COM(serial): The COM or communication port is used mainly connecting mice & external Modems, Presently USB has taken as standard.

COM( parallel): These ports are mainly used for printers and scanners.

PS2: There are two ports which are used by mouse and keyboard.

VGA: This port is mainly used for CRT and TFT monitors.

DVI: This port is used for connecting LCD/TFT monitors for receiving pure and lossless signals.

Ethernet: This port is used for connecting the PC to a network (Internet, wan, Lan).

DIMM slots: These slots are used to install memory modules .The number of DIMM slots increase the amount of RAM.

SATA: This is the newer generation cable consisting of 4 wires creates a point to point connection between devices. The transfer rate of about 150 Mbps to 300 Mbps and extend up to 1 meter. This replaces the IDE cables which are 40 cm long with 40 or 80 thin wires together with less band width.

Tuesday, March 11, 2008

Motherboards

Introduction:- Motherboards are the most vital core component in a computer. The motherboard shuffles the data to the various components eventually in processing and result in output.
Data needs a medium to travel between various components inside a computer. Motherboard comprises of more electrical components such as processors, capacitors, resistors, cables on the circuit. The fine tracks running all over the computer helps in connecting different components and these series of lines are called a bus.

Parts Present on the Motherboard:- The basic component and slots are as follows
· Processor socket
· Heat pipes (or) Fans
· Power connector
· IDE ports for Hard drives & optical drives
· SATA port hard drives (new Motherboards)
· USB headers & Optional additional USB ports
· PCI Expansion slots
· USB, Ethernet, Sound ports.
· PCIe slot for Graphical cards (New Motherboards)

Working:- The components are directly or indirectly connected to the motherboard. Extension PCI cards or Graphics cards are connected to the respected ports.

Motherboard consists of some essential components as follows….
Chipset:- Chipset is the one which drives the motherboard. It determines the compatibility with the core components such as processor, memory and graphics card ,USB, Ethernet, multi GPU support and RAID are determined by the motherboard.
The major Motherboard production companies are INTEL, AMD, NVIDIA, VIA, and SIS.
The chipset mainly comprises of Northbridge and Southbridge.

Northbridge- This is the chip which interconnects the CPU, RAM, Graphics card and the southbridge. It is placed in the upper half of the motherboard.

Southbridge- This is also referred as ICH or I/O controller Hub, this chip connects all
the input and the output ports of the computer to the processor through the northbridge. The southbridge defines what onboard IDE, USB, Sound, Ethernet adapter goes into the system.

FSB- This is the bus that facilitates the communication between the cpu and the Northbridge.

CPU Socket- Here the processor is installed. Here the Processor pins (PGA) are placed in on the board contains tiny holes socket (LGA) for pins.

BIOS- Basic Input Output System called bios which resides on a CMOS chip contains program at the time of manufacturing. It stores default settings of Northbridge, southbridge, memory configuration and the CPU settings, voltage and so on. This will generally use to store the default settings of the system in case of malfunctioning.

PROCESSORS

PROCESSORS:

Hello friends,
The major component of the computer which computes all the functions in the computer is the PROCESSOR.

Introduction:- All of us know what the processor is? How it functions, but we have to know the types and functionality of the processors. The processor acts as a brain to the computer. The processor is one of most important core component in a computer which is mounted on the mother board. It performs complex mathematical calculations with the data we input. INTEL as well as AMD family processors become a generic term for computers.

Types:- Today a single core is nearly to dissolve, as the fastest computing places a prominent role more than one processor is needed for the home as well as business environments. The server systems need more than …
After single core processors, Dual core processors become a minimal standard for the present hardware
environment. Today the major companies like INTEL & AMD has provided Dual Core processors.
Now these companies are looking for the Quad Core processors. We couldn’t imagine how much fast the computing takes place. There is a new trend OCTA-Core consisting of 8 processors may takes place after Quad core.
For more information about the processors go to http://www.intel.com/ for pentium processor family & http://www.amd.com/ for AMD Processors.


WORKING:- CPU – Registers + L1 cache.

Cache:- Cache is the temporary storage on the CPU die where frequently accessed data is stored for a quick reference. This makes the process of computing faster and more efficient.

L1 Cache:- L1 cache is a tiny memory cache which is built on the cpu and is faster than the L2 cache. It helps in speedy access to frequently accessed data required for processing.

L2 cache:- L2 or level two cache is used for faster data access but it does not share the same characteristics of L1. L2 is external to the CPU but is slower than L1.

BUS:- Bus stands for Bidirectional Universal Switch, It changes the course of incoming and outgoing data. Buses are controlled by device drivers in a PC.

FSB:- Front Side Bus is referred as system bus carries all the electronic information between the processor and the mother board chipset. The faster the FSB, the faster the processor can communicate with the memory and the chipset.

Clock Speed:- The clock speed is the speed at which the processor can complete processing cycles which basically includes number crunching. The speed is measured in MHZ & GHZ.


These are the basic components in the processor, but there are other features integrated in the newly developed processors.

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