Krodha(Anger) means a  strong feeling of annoyance, displeasure or hostility.   Fear and sadness are primary emotions before one gets Anger. It is a  strong emotion we experience when we think someone has done wrong. Anger(Krodh) is an excessive mental turmoil on account of the obstacles in the gratification of some desire.   It is an unpleasant emotion that does more harm to the giver than to the receiver.
It is one of the  six bad  vices viz., Kama(desire/passion), Krodha(Anger), Lobha(greed), Moha(bondage), Mada(ego) and Mastsarya(jealousy).  Man acquires  Kama and Krodha by birth. These are inborn qualities and  cannot be wiped off completely because they are necessary for every human being to eke out his livelihood,  but can be controlled to a  possible extent,  while leading a pious life.

In Bhagavath  Githa Lord Sri Krishna described about  Anger in Chap. 2 verse 63:-

                   Krodhad bhavati sammohah - sammohat smrti  vibhramaha                                                           smrti  bhramsad buddhi naso - buddhi nasat pranasyati  

From anger delusion  arises, and from delusion the loss of  memory.  When memory is lost, intelligence is lost, and when intelligence is lost, one falls down again into the material pool. 

In Hindu puranas, Durvasa was an ancient Rishi, the son of Atri and Anasuya.  He is well  known for his Anger. Hence wherever he went he was received with great respect by all.
In the Bhagavata Purana, King Ambarisha was a great devotee of  Lord  Vishnu who was well known for his  truthfulness and  when he performed a YAJNA with such a  great devotion,  Lord Vishnu was pleased to bless him with his Sudarsana Chakra as a shield of protection over him.

Once, Ambarisha performed  Ekadashi  vrata, for one year.  After observing this practice for a year, he took up a final fast to conclude the rite.  At the moment of  breaking the fast,  sage Durvasa came  to  Ambarisha,  who  received him with due respect.  Durvasa agreed to the king's request to be his  guest and went to take  his bath in the river Yamuna.   Durvasa did not return   though the auspicious moment  has come to break his fast.  Ambarisha fell in dilemma, that  it was not proper  to take food before serving a guest, but on the other hand,  the time had come for the fast to be  broken. After discussing with  his priests, Ambarisha broken his fast by taking a sip of water and waited for  Durvasa's arrival to offer him food.

Durvasa felt that Ambarisha insultede him  by breaking his fast before his arrival and in  rage created a demon to kill Ambarisha. Then  Lord Vishnu's  sudarshana chakra appeared to protect Ambarisha, killed  the demon and started chasing Durvasa.  Durvasa ran with fear  to Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva for protection, who  pleaded their inability to save him.  Durvasa then  went to Lord Vishnu, who also expressed  His inability to protect,  as He was bound by  uninteruptred devotion of Ambarisha towards Him  and suggested that the sage has to seek the king's pardon.  Durvasa  then ran to  Ambarisha, who prayed  Lord Vishnu to recall the Sudarshana Chakra and save the sage, whereby Sudarsana chakra  ceased to harm  him.This is the result of getting  Anger on pious people,  without knowing the consequences.

In Vana Parva of Mahabarath it is stated that  Anger  is the root cause of the destruction of mankind.  The angry man commits sin, insult others  with harsh words, cannot distinguish what should be and should not be said by him.

As per the medical science Anger causes a physical reaction in the body viz., a rapid heartbeat, faster breathing, tension throughout the body, restlessness,  pressing  fists and jaw with emotion, sweating and trembling. When it becomes uncontrollable, the heart rate and also the blood pressure go up and we tend to respond aggressively. It also generates toxic chemicals in the body and pollutes the immune system and the mind. 

Our scriptures strongly encourage us to control our Anger. In Upanishads it is stated that all cruel words should be banned.  None should be treated with disrespect. No Anger should be directed in turn towards one who is Angry.  Only soft words should be spoken, even when violently pulled by another.

When involved in a quarrel, it may help to  count 1  to 10,  go for a short walk,  make a  contact with a person who is not  involved in the quarrel, such as a friend,  family member, or an elderly person,  to express the thoughts behind the Anger.   These can help to  defuse the situation and more clearly identify the cause of the intense feelings. Deep slow breathing and  doing meditation  can help to shift the mind away from Anger. By chanting Shanti Mantras, we can suppress the demon Anger  in us as well as in others around us. 


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